Saturday, May 30, 2020
Analysis On How Star Wars Movies Have Shaped Popular Culture (Research Paper Sample) Content: Impact Of Star Wars On Popular Culture Name: Institution: Impact of Star Wars on Popular Culture Popular culture has been defined by many in different contexts. It is influenced mostly by social media and by interactions between people. It influences the way people talk, dress, types of food they eat, how they walk: it becomes their identity. A general definition of popular culture suggests that it is beliefs and practices that are predominant in a society at a given time. Categories of popular culture include entertainment regarding video games, music, films and television, politics, fashion, and technology. When people watch a film and identify with it, they start to dress like the characters in the film, talk like them. You notice that when a film is released, and it has an impact in the society, you will notice how people change their dress code to match that in the film, they take up phrases from the film, social media is full of fanatics who have embraced the culture in the film. This is what happened to Star Wars. Star Wars was not just another film. Since the first relea se of Star Wars on 25th May 1977, the world changed. Up until today, it is still impacting the lives of many which has led to a popular culture of Star Wars (Parker, 2014). Star Wars is a film series whose concept was developed by the legendary George Lucas. It features adventures of beings in another galaxy. Star Wars released three films that formed Star Wars trilogy: Star Wars, The Empire strikes back and Return of Jedi. These films swept people off their grounds both young and old, big and small. Even those who paid little attention to such movies were drawn in. Since then other films have been released, books are written, Star Wars cards produced, costumes designed all of which have greatly contributed to its popular culture. John Storey in his bid to uncover popular culture wrote the book Ã¢â¬Å"Cultural Theory and Popular Culture.Ã¢â¬ Here he presents six definitions of popular culture that he deems agreeable. The six definitions have their strengths and weaknesses with different objects of contemplation being considered. In the first definition Storey defines popular culture as a culture that is widely favored or well-liked by many people. This basic definition arises from the word popular which refers to well known or familiar with people. Storey defends his definition claiming that the difference between culture and popular culture is what defines popular culture. Regarding popularity, Star Wars is second to none. It is the leading Hollywood movie regarding sales with sales of up to $32 billion in 2016. In 2015, $243 million was generated from the sale of consumer packaged goods. The film Ã¢â¬Å"The Force AwakensÃ¢â¬ was a sensation in North America referred to as the most successful movie of a ll time holding the record for the biggest opening weekend. On Facebook, Star Wars official page has about 19 million followers, on Twitter, it has 3.9 million followers, on Instagram it has 9.1 million followers, and on its YouTube page, it has 2.6 million subscribers. If that does not define popularity, then I do not know what does. Star Wars is one of the most popular films in the world which has contributed to its popular culture (Zyck, 2017). In the second definition, popular culture is referred to as the leftover culture after high culture has been decided. When popular culture first came into the fold, it was associated with poor education and lower classes. This led to the belief that it was a culture of those without higher education hence this definition by Storey. This definition has a lot of problems as the definition of high culture is cumbersome. Popular culture and high culture are intersecting sets which make it very hard to define. Star Wars for instance can be considered as both high culture as well as popular culture. The problem with this definition is that it considers the people involved rather than the product. To determine if Star Wars is a popular culture in this case we have to analyze the background of the people rather than the product which is the film. Do we consider the quality of the film or the quality of the people to discern? Films are universal to humans and may be good or bad which makes t his definition inadequate. Star Wars is followed by people across the globe who form this popular culture which makes it hard to define whether it is high culture or the remnants in the name of popular culture. The third definition equates popular culture to mass culture. Mass culture, in essence, is culture brought about by changes in technology that use mass cultural production. When Star Wars was being launched in 1977 technology had greatly advanced which allowed people to access and view the film. Over the years social media has provided an avenue for sharing which constitutes mass culture. Mass culture developed due to exposure to the same media and broadcasted to individuals as opposed to interactions amongst people. Star Wars was broadcasted by Television targeting individuals who then came together and formed their own culture. The fourth definition suggests that popular culture originates from the people. The culture brought about by Star Wars was as a result of people embracing phrases such as Ã¢â¬Å"The force awakensÃ¢â¬ and using it in their daily lives, wearing costumes from the film. It is, therefore, people who combed through the films and created a culture from it. The fifth definition of popular culture is described as Ã¢â¬Å"a site of struggle between the resistance of subordinate groups in society and the forces of incorporation operating in the interests of dominant groups in society.Ã¢â¬ There are people in the society who look down on Star Wars due to the common association of cartoon and imaginary characters. This shows the struggle between the followers of Star Wars and those who look down on it. Lastly, popular culture is informed by recent thinking around the debate of postmodernism. Star Wars showcases a galaxy no one knows about purely imaginary or Scientific which shows its postmodernism. People are attracted to this concept of a foreign galaxy and identify with these characters who define their culture (Parker, 2014). Star Wars rise to popular culture has emanated from its effect on different people be it Science, literature, film and generally on the way people live and interact. To start with, it impacted the world of literature with over two hundred and fifty books written about Star Wars. These Books cover the events of the movies while others go back in time to events leading up to the films. Other books go beyond the films to a time not covered in the films. Star Wars also led to the emergence of groups such as The VaderÃ¢â¬â¢s Fist which is a costume organization that performs in events. A picture of this group is shown below: Another group is The temple of the Jedi Order which is a religion that follows Jediism. This group refers to the force in star wars films as the force of living creation in Jediism (Clark, 2013). Star Wars influence on the film industry is another reason for its popular culture. It stirred advancement in technology that is used in modern film and industry with some examples shown in the photograph below: Leia who ...
Saturday, May 16, 2020
With its 24/7 coverage of the Cairo protests garnering praise from media critics, many are calling on more U.S. cable systems to carry the Arabic news network Al Jazeera. But is the Qatar-based network anti-Semitic and anti-American, as some - like Fox News host Bill OReilly - have claimed? And should Al Jazeera - which is presently only available in a few U.S. markets - be offered nationwide? Matthew Baum, a professor of Global Communications and Public Policy at Harvard Universitys John F. Kennedy School of Government, says yes - but with a few caveats. Baum, who watched Al Jazeera fairly regularly when he spent time in Europe in the past few years, says theres no question the mix of editorial views on it are more critical of U.S. policy and Israel, and more sympathetic to Arab perspectives than what youd see on an American network. Baum says its not surprising that Al Jazeera has a more pro-Arab editorial slant. Thats simply reflecting who their customers are, the perspective of the region. And while some of what he heard in Al Jazeera broadcasts annoyed the crap out of me, Baum adds that Americans should have more exposure to what folks in that region think. We tend to be pretty uninformed about whats going on in that part of the world. Eric Nisbet, a communications professor at Ohio State University who has studied Arab media and anti-Americanism, says its important to distinguish between the English and Arabic channels of Al Jazeera. The English channel has a very cosmopolitan perspective and is staffed largely by former corespondents from the BBC and U.S. networks, he says. The Arabic channel, not surprisingly, is aimed squarely at an Arab audience and prides itself on giving voice to a wide range of perspectives from throughout the region. The result? At times it airs the views of extremists, sometimes without challenging them as much as they should, Nisbet says. There are definitely some biases in that they are an Arabic channel for Arab audiences. And yes, there is anti-Semitism, Nisbet adds. Unfortunately in Arabic political discourse there is a great deal of anti-Semitism. The conversation there about Israel and American foreign policy is very different from our discourse in the U.S. Nisbet hastens to add that the channel also frequently features representatives from the U.S. and Israeli governments, and that it is widely watched in Israel. Even given the networks problems, Nisbet, like Baum, believes Al Jazeera, at least in its English-speaking incarnation, should be aired more widely on U.S. television. We as a country need to know what other people think of us, he says. If we really want to make informed decisions about foreign policy and about the opportunities and challenges we face overseas, we need to hear that perspective. Al Jazeera provides a very non-American window on the world that we need to be looking through. Photo by Getty Images Follow me on Facebook Twitter
Wednesday, May 6, 2020
The Bible, although written by man is God s word to the world. The unity showed in the bible over such a long period of time, and over multiple continents is proof that it was written by something more than just a mere human, and that it was instead written by someone with divine power. The bibleÃ¢â¬â¢s timeline spans centuries, but the impact that the bible has will continue indefinitely. Although there are millions of believers there is also almost an equal amount of skeptics. Because no physical evidence of heaven or hell exists, or no evidence that God is real people donÃ¢â¬â¢t believe in Christianity. Although, there is more evidence that Jesus was real than Plato nor Socrates even existed. Throughout history the brightest minds and the most powerful leaders have accepted the New Testament to be true. For example, Abraham Lincoln said I believe the Bible is the best gift God has ever given man. All the good from the Savior of the world is communicated to us through this book . But for it we could not know right from wrong.Ã¢â¬ The bible being the most read, the most translated, and the most printed book of all time must mean that it is more than just a plain old book. The bible is fact and not fiction because of prophetic consistency, manuscript evidence, and eyewitness accounts. The bible has accurately depicted about 2000 correct prophecies. Sometimes thousands of years before the event. The chance that all these proven prophecies happened by chance is less than 10 to the 2000Show MoreRelatedReflection Paper1562 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pageschose are spiritual gifts and love. When you start to think about it, these two things go together. If a person uses their spiritual gifts for the right reasons they will be doing it out of love for God. A lot of people these days do not use their spiritual gifts to edify God or to show the love of God to others. They are only looking for the praise of others to build their own self-worth. II. Part One: Spiritual Gifts a. Theological Definition A spiritual gift is a divine gift bestowed upon aRead MoreThe Bible And The Middle Ground Is Nonexistent904 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesIntroduction Sin is mentioned throughout the Bible in both the Old and New Testaments. In fact, there are six different Greek words within the New Testament alone that talk about sin. (Etzel Gutierrez, 2014). However, although the Bible is clear that mankind is born with a sinful nature, there are different types of sin. Furthermore, the authenticity of the sinner dictates the way in which these sins are not only repented, but whether forgiven. 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God is the beginning and end, and He is the creator. Life did not just appear or suddenly come into being from nothing by some unknown source or reason. Romans 1:19-20 reminds man that God is the creator and that none can deny His hand in creation (Holy Bible, 2011). Life was created by God. All thingsRead More King Solomon Essay1329 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesKing Solomon King Solomon one of the most influential kings in the entire bible Solomon was a wise king and was gifted as well as punished for his transgressions on his people and God. This paper will show how Solomon was thought to be one of the greatest kings of the bible, his contributions on the lively hood of the Israelite people and how he was sent to bring the people into a new type of living for the people of Israel. This paper will give a personal account on my reason for thinking thatRead MoreChristian College Freshmen Should Make Time For A Daily Bible908 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagessafety. That can be found within a daily study of the bible. Christian college freshmen should make time for a daily bible study so that they may grow closer with the Lord, get help and guidance for life, and reach a deeper understanding of what the bible says so they can defend against attacks. A daily bible study plays a major part for college freshman to grow closer to Christ. God set the bible as the main source for revealing Himself. The bible is His love letter to all humans, and by reading andRead MoreEssay King Solomon1342 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesKing Solomon one of the most influential kings in the entire bible Solomon was a wise king and was gifted as well as punished for his transgressions on his people and God. This paper will show how Solomon was thought to be one of the greatest kings of the bible, his contributions on the lively hood of the Israelite people and how he was sent to bring the people into a new type of living for the people of Israel. This paper will give a personal account on my reason for thinking that Solomon is a great
Tuesday, May 5, 2020
Sally Mann photographs the things that she is closest to. Ã¢â¬Å"The things that are close to you are the things you can photograph the best, unless you photograph what you love, youÃ¢â¬â¢re not going to make good artÃ¢â¬ . What Remains: The life and work of Sally Mann, Part 1? [Uploaded by Aivdd on Jan 21. 2011]. youtube. com/watch? v=XNEd93H4pPY. Most of her work revolves around her husband, her children, her childhood upbringing and the landscape that is her home. Mann uses an 810 bellows camera, and in the mid-1990s she began using the wet plate collodion process to produce photographs. Some of her photographs contain blemishes, stains and imperfections but she accepts these and believes they are what make the photo. Ã¢â¬Å"If it doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t have ambiguity, donÃ¢â¬â¢t bother to take it. I mean I love that, that aspect of photography, it got to have some peculiarity in it or itÃ¢â¬â¢s not interesting to meÃ¢â¬ . We will write a custom essay sample on Sally Mann or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page SEGMENT: Sally Mann in Ã¢â¬Å"PlaceÃ¢â¬ . [Release date: 7/14/2011]. pbs. org/art21/artists/sally-mann/videos Mann was passionate about horses and in 2006, her horse had an aneurysm while she was riding him, Mann was thrown to the ground and the impact broke her back. She made a series of ambrotype self-portraits during the two years it took for her to recover. These self-portraits were displayed at the Virginia Museum of Fine Arts as a part of Sally Mann: the Flesh and the Spirit for the first time in November 2010. In the 1970Ã¢â¬â¢s Mann explored many different genres such as landscapes and architecture. She merged still life with portraiture. Mann has produced two series of landscapes: Deep South and Mother Land. In her series What Remains it shows pictures of the decomposing body of her greyhound, to the site where an armed fugitive committed suicide on her property in the Shenandoah Valley in Virginia. She has experimented with color photography, but seems too remained most interested in black and white. Deep South, 1998 Deep South, 2001 Sally Mann came to the worldÃ¢â¬â¢s attention with Ã¢â¬ËImmediate Family,Ã¢â¬â¢ a series of photographs with her children all under the age of ten at the time. These photos show every day activities such as playing, sleeping and eating but it also touches on larger themes such as death and social opinions of sexuality. One day her daughter Jessie came home with a knat bite on her face and it was swollen and bruised. Sally said she was so striking so she put her in front of a wall and documented it (Damaged Child). It was then that Sally Mann realized beautiful photographs were right under her nose and she began photographing her children. These photographs of her children were published as a book and became an international best seller. The book contains around sixty images of her children. Sales of her prints skyrocketed and Time Magazine named Mann Ã¢â¬Å"Americas Best PhotographerÃ¢â¬ . Thinking about the attitudes people had towards visual culture at the time when Immediate Family was produced, the effect it had on the public was very controversial. To her, they were little more than tender, maternal photographs of her children but there was outrage within the religious community against child pornography and she was called an irrespirable mother. The controversy had the inarguably beneficial fact of bringing the work to the publicÃ¢â¬â¢s attention. A lot more people saw the work as a consequence. The reaction of the religious community and others who disagreed with her work says more about the adult viewer than of the child subject. Sally Mann explored the concept of childhood and growing up through a maternal eye. Popsicle Drips, 1985. The Last Time Emmett Modeled Nude, 1987. The image entitled Popsicle DripsÃ¢â¬ shows a young, male torso, with liquid dripping down his lower abdomen. His right hip is tilted to the side, and his arms out of view. When you initially look at the image, it is quite disturbing because of the liquid substance dripping down the boyÃ¢â¬â¢s abdomen. Without the explanatory title, the substance could be anything. On first inspection it appeared to me to be dirt, which in my opinion would make more sense. Why would Popsicle drips be on the boyÃ¢â¬â¢s naked body in the first place? This naked picture is the only photograph in the entire body of work that shows full frontal male nudity. The viewer may feel uncomfortable looking at the image as it is highly provocative in its subjects pose, and the added Popsicle drips add an element of physicality. Because the artist is a woman and the subject is a male, for some people this caused an issue as it became more sexual. Emmet, the only male of the three children, is seen much less provocatively in the series than the girls are. The photograph Ã¢â¬ËSunday FunniesÃ¢â¬â¢, 1991, shows Jessie and Virginia lying naked in a bed really the comics in a newspaper, but Emmett appears with shorts. While the girls are busy acting out a role Mann has conducted, he stares at the camera, almost offended in the way he is being depicted. Even in the almost sadly titled The Last Time Emmet Modeled Nude photograph, the water is obscuring our view of any intimate parts as we only see him from the waist up. This image, above all, shows the modesty and uncertainty that Emmet felt about his modeling. Jessie Mann did an interview with Aperture magazine and here she tells us how Emmet is dealing with the pressure the photographs from his youth has put on him. Emmet is completely daunted by it. He doesnt know what he wants, so he backs away from the whole thing (Jessie Mann). Dirty Jessie, 1985, Sally Mann He is very sick, 1986, Sally Mann Another visibly sensual/sexual image is Dirty Jessie. We see Jessie lying feebly on the grass. Her legs spread and her hands placed over her nipples. Her only clothing is panties and boots. The boots are almost completely off, and the positioning of her le gs looks unnatural and appear broken. The image has been shot from above, objectifying her. Even the name of the photograph suggests something sexual; Dirty Jessie, yet this young child has an innocence that only youth can possess. This photo becomes quite sexual because of the positioning of the camera above her, and the semi-modest placing of her hands covering an intimate feminine place. To describe what childhood really is, Mann utilizes truth in a few of her images. However staged this reality may be, there are some embarrassing and cringe worthy things that happen when you are growing up such as bed-wetting, chickenpox and bloody noses, so Mann documents these also. When the good pictures come, we hope they tell truths Ã¢â¬Å"told slantÃ¢â¬ . MANN, S. / REYNOLDS PRICE. 1992. Immediate Family. Phaidon Press Limited. An image that tends to stand out from the rest in terms of reality, is the appropriately named He is Very sick. In this photo it shows Jessie and Emmet sitting in a hospital room, on a bed where a man I presume to be their grandfather lies. The old man re aches his hand towards the camera, clasping the rails of the bed. Jessie looks directly into the camera was a traumatic look in her eye while Emmet looks to have a feigned sadness than a genuine sadness. His arms are crossed defiantly, and he pulls his head away from the camera. The old man in bed is shrouded by light, making his face barely visible. These are private and personal moments that most families endure, and they are the ones that no camera-happy relative would want to capture on film. They are tragic and denied, and I can almost hear the mothers words attempting to explain what is happening to grandpa to her young children. He is Very Sick. Emmet does not seem to understand why he is being photographed, and he is presumably trying to hide his sadness. Jessie seems to be too young to understand that these are very private moments, and that they are not generally photographed. This image brings Manns work back into the realm of reality, and makes it familiar for viewers. Damaged child, 1984, Sally Mann Hayhook, 1989, Sally Mann Damaged Child is another reality based image, in which Jessie appears with a very swollen right eye. Her hair is cropped short, and her androgynous face is determined only by the frilly dress that she wears. Her face is the only thing in focus in the image, and it appears to be jutting out towards the viewer. She wears no smile in the image, and she looks sad and helpless. While other mothers are busy bragging about their child making the soccer team or winning a beauty pageant, Sally Mann is busy showing the less flattering side of motherhood. She is showing the maternal need to tend to her wounded child, and is not concerned about the beauty of it. This is real life and she is not afraid to show it. In my opinion, taking hotographs of her children is her way of showing her love for them, through capturing their lives on film. Jessie says She has a hard time letting us know how much she loves us. But Ive also realized that each one of those photographs was her way of capturing, if not in a hug or a kiss or a comment, how much she cared about us. Capturing the relationship of motherhood and childhood on film reveals a strange look into what a child is, and how they need a mother continua lly, yet still want to figure out their identity on their own so they push her away. MannÃ¢â¬â¢s father was a moralist and an atheist. Mann states in her book Ã¢â¬ËImmediate FamilyÃ¢â¬â¢, Ã¢â¬ËAs a family, we were simply different. My two brothers and I were the only children in our school required by our parents to sit in the hallways during Bible studyÃ¢â¬ .
Friday, April 17, 2020
Pesticides Effects There are many important issues in the world regarding the environment and it's affects on the average person. Though, the one that hits closest to home, worldwide, is the trust that individuals have in the food that they consume. Yet pesticides are still found daily in foods all around the world. Pesticides are toxins that are used by produce growers universally to control pests that can destroy crops. These toxins are being ingested by humans in the forms of fruits and vegetables that have remaining toxins on them. How safe are these toxins to humans and what is being done to safeguard the environment as well as the health of individuals? Does the average person consume harmful amounts of poison at every meal? If the levels are unsafe, why is this problem continuing to get a blind eye from the people who are supposed to protect society? These questions when asked only lead to more questions. Until things are done to change the systems of pesticide usage universally, society can never be sure as to the long term effects on our environment and what they are eating or giving to the future of our world, the children. In some foreign countries pesticides are used more frequently with legislative control than in the United States. In Mexico and South America, for example, many of the pesticides that the United States and Europe have banned, wind up being used on a majority of their produce crops. The largest problem with this is that Europe and the United States import from South America for produce all of the time. What good does it do to ban harmful agricultural chemicals to be used on domestically grown crops if crops in other countries are grown with these same harmful chemicals, and are then allowed to be imported? Mexico and South America are the leading suppliers of produce for the earth's population because their climate is very conducive to year around crops. Unfortunately those countries are also known for their large amount of insects of all varieties. These insects are steadily becoming more and more immune to toxins that are sprayed on crops. More than five hundred insects, one hundred and fifty plant diseases and two hundred and seventy weeds are now resistant to pesticides. Results are that U.S. growers as well, are steadily forced to apply more and stronger toxins. As the amount and the strength of the toxin increases, the immunity of the targeted insects to these toxins also increases. Total U.S. crop losses from insect damage has nearly doubled since 1945. Insecticide use during this same time has increased tenfold. This war will go on being waged until the game plan is changed. The produce export trade in some cities and countries constitutes the majority of their economy and they will protect the resulting income at all costs. These places have very little legislation to control chemical usage, and follow up on almost none of its effects. Officials do not care how it affects consumers, being adults or children. Even their own agricultural worker's health is of no concern. These officials only care about producing crops and exporting them with as little overhead as possible. The bottom line is, always has been, and always will be money. In Villa Juarez, Mexico, many children who work in the produce fields are coming down with mysterious illnesses and some people in this region put the blame directly on those children's contact with the chemical acephate and other pesticides that are used in that area. The use of acephate is illegal in the United States, but is perfectly legal in Mexico. Doctors in Juarez are treating unusually high amounts of cancer and also fifty to eighty cases of chemical poisoning per week in their agricultural workers. This continues to happen because the government and the growers do not take these illnesses seriously; the workers are expendable. Growers in Culcan Valley, Mexico use chemicals to increase production of produce sold in the U.S. every winter. Unfortunately, studies that were preformed by the Government Accounting office in Mexico showed that at least six pesticides that are illegal in the U.S. were still on the produce when it was exported. Moving on to South America, in Chile there are no clear guidelines governing the use of agricultural chemicals on produce crops. In the city of Rancaga, a large fruit growing region, a study was done to check the risks that rural workers face, and what they found was astounding. Dr. Maria Mella found that there is
Saturday, March 14, 2020
The American Civil War Ã¢â¬Å"Fourscore and seven years ago, our fathers brought forth on this continent a new nation, conceived in Liberty, and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equalÃ¢â¬ (Barney 147). Abraham LincolnÃ¢â¬â¢s famous opening statement of the Gettysburg Address shows the general attitude of the Northern United States in this Civil War. The American Civil War was a war fought between the northern sixteen states making up the United States and the eleven seceded states creating the Confederate States of America between 1861 and 1865 (Civil 1- 5)(Catton 567). There were many different economical and political reasons for this war, but as Lincoln often noted slavery was the root cause (Barney 61). Most of the battles in this great war occurred very close to the Ohio and Mississippi rivers, although many key battles were won and lost in the heart of the nation (Barney 349). The American Civil War was one of the most influential events in American history. LincolnÃ¢â¬â¢s victory in the election of 1860 was the "straw" that broke the Union into two separate countries, the north and the south. The first state to leave the union was South Carolina; it was soon followed by six other states: Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, and Texas. History showed that it wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t until Lincoln called for troops in April of 1861 that Arkansas, North Carolina, Virginia, and Tennessee join the south completing the eleven state confederacy (Civil 1-5). Lincolns call for troops had an overwhelming turnout from all sixteen of the United States: Connecticut, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, and Wisconsin (Katcher 155-56). The list of great generals and soldiers on both sides of this conflict seems to never end. There were many great... Free Essays on American Civil War Free Essays on American Civil War The American Civil War Ã¢â¬Å"Fourscore and seven years ago, our fathers brought forth on this continent a new nation, conceived in Liberty, and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equalÃ¢â¬ (Barney 147). Abraham LincolnÃ¢â¬â¢s famous opening statement of the Gettysburg Address shows the general attitude of the Northern United States in this Civil War. The American Civil War was a war fought between the northern sixteen states making up the United States and the eleven seceded states creating the Confederate States of America between 1861 and 1865 (Civil 1- 5)(Catton 567). There were many different economical and political reasons for this war, but as Lincoln often noted slavery was the root cause (Barney 61). Most of the battles in this great war occurred very close to the Ohio and Mississippi rivers, although many key battles were won and lost in the heart of the nation (Barney 349). The American Civil War was one of the most influential events in American history. LincolnÃ¢â¬â¢s victory in the election of 1860 was the "straw" that broke the Union into two separate countries, the north and the south. The first state to leave the union was South Carolina; it was soon followed by six other states: Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, and Texas. History showed that it wasnÃ¢â¬â¢t until Lincoln called for troops in April of 1861 that Arkansas, North Carolina, Virginia, and Tennessee join the south completing the eleven state confederacy (Civil 1-5). Lincolns call for troops had an overwhelming turnout from all sixteen of the United States: Connecticut, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, and Wisconsin (Katcher 155-56). The list of great generals and soldiers on both sides of this conflict seems to never end. There were many great... Free Essays on American Civil War The American Civil War I. INTRODUCTION The purpose of this paper is to illustrate the events surrounding the end of the American Civil War. This war was a war of epic proportion. Never before and not since have so many Americans died in battle. The American Civil War was truly tragic in terms of human life. In this document, I will speak mainly around those involved on the battlefield in the closing days of the conflict. Also, reference will be made to the leading men behind the Union and Confederate forces. The war was beginning to end by January of 1865. By then, Federal (Federal was another name given to the Union Army) armies were spread throughout the Confederacy and the Confederate Army had shrunk extremely in size. In the year before, the North had lost an enormous amount of lives, but had more than enough to lose in comparison to the South. General Grant became known as the "Butcher" (Grant, Ulysses S., Personal Memoirs of U.S. Grant, New York: Charles L. Webster & Co.,1894) and many wanted to see him removed. But Lincoln stood firm with his General, and the war continued. This paper will follow the happenings and events between the winter of 1864-65 and the surrender of The Confederate States of America. All of this will most certainly illustrate that April 9, 1865 was indeed the end of a tragedy. II. CUTTING OFF THE SOUTH In September of 1864, General William T. Sherman and his army cleared the city of Atlanta of its civilian population then rested ever so briefly. It was from there that General Sherman and his army began its famous "march to the sea". The march covered a distance of 400 miles and was 60 miles wide on the way. For 32 days no news of him reached the North. He had cut himself off from his base of supplies, and his men lived on what ever they could get from the country through which they passed. On their route, the army destroyed anything and everything that they could not use but was presumed usable to t...
Wednesday, February 26, 2020
Lapping schemes and audting - Assignment Example It is much harder to scheme receivables because it directly relates to customer accounts, and any discrepancies and delinquencies are more likely to be noticed and further investigated. It is common for a frauder, in the midst of a lapping concealment, to Ã¢â¬Å"pocketÃ¢â¬ the monies from one customer and then use another customer to cover the account, and continue this pattern with other accounts, to avoid attention. However these scams can be tricky, and require the wrong-doer to keep organized documentation to keep track of the accounts they are frauding and the process can get quite complex.("Norton Group") If one can find these documents then the proof is ever-present. It therefore carries an element of risk. However, with point of sale employees it is much easier to deter, discourage, and prevent some fraud. With in-store employees having security cameras and updated computer programs that keep detail accounts that are difficult to bypass are quite useful. It is much harder to predict the actions of off-site employees and more covert actions within a company. However, it is suggested that businesses owners take the time to overview the transactions going on in their company. They cannot afford small, random, inconsistencies to go uninvestigated. The more vigilant a company is about being present and conscious of everything going on within the business then it is less likely employees, who are potential frauders, would be willing to take the chance. Collusion is defined as a secretive agreement between two, or more, individuals who knowingly agree to commit a deceitful act or an act of fraud. It is particularly difficult to expose this type of fraud because it is no easy task to find a single frauder, but exposing a team working together is all the harder.(Leisner) In order to detect and deter the act of collusion there are a few suggestions for businesses to consider. It is important to have regular disclosures of